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What Are Fibroids
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What Are Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids refer to benign growths that develop in the uterus. These masses are also called leiomyomas or myomas. Uterine fibroids can range from small pearl-sized growths to large, golf ball-sized tumors. They are most often found in the muscular wall of the uterus and can affect women of childbearing age.

Although the exact cause of uterine fibroids is still unclear, there are known risk factors. These include hormonal imbalances, family history, obesity, and race, with women of African descent being more likely to develop fibroids. Additionally, estrogen and progesterone, the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, could be involved in the growth of fibroids.

Uterine fibroids can lead to various symptoms depending on their size, number, and location. Some women seeking fibroid treatment may experience the following

In some cases, fibroids can also cause challenges for pregnant women, such as a higher likelihood of miscarriage and preterm labor.

Diagnosing uterine fibroids typically involves a pelvic exam, ultrasound, or other imaging tests. Treatment options vary depending on the intensity of symptoms, the desire for future fertility, and the individual's overall health. If the fibroids are small and asymptomatic, no treatment may be necessary. However, if symptoms are present, treatment options may include medication to regulate hormone levels, non-invasive procedures to shrink or destroy fibroids, or surgery to remove them.

Regular monitoring and follow-up care may also be necessary to ensure the fibroids do not cause any additional medical issues or significantly impact your quality of life.

Types of Uterine Fibroids

Understanding the distinct types of uterine fibroids plays an important role in identifying and managing this common condition.

Subserosal Fibroids

Subserosal fibroids are a type of uterine fibroid that grows on the outside of the uterus just beneath the serosa, which is the outermost layer of the organ. These fibroids typically form due to the smooth muscle cells in the uterine wall growing abnormally.

Subserosal fibroids can vary in size and may cause symptoms such as pelvic pain, pressure, and discomfort. In some cases, they may also cause conception difficulties or issues during pregnancy.

Intramural Fibroids

Intramural fibroids are fibroids that develop within the muscular wall of the uterus. They can be diagnosed through imaging tests, including ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Appropriate treatment options will be determined based on symptom severity, fibroid size, fibroid location, and the desire to preserve uterine integrity. 

Intramural fibroids are commonly classified into three categories.

All three types of intramural fibroids can become symptomatic, though the intensity of the symptoms can vary from person to person.

Pedunculated Fibroids

Pedunculated fibroids are fibroids that grow on stalks or stems that extend from the uterine wall. These fibroids can either be subserosal or intramural. Pedunculated fibroids can cause symptoms such as pelvic pain, pressure, and discomfort. Depending on the size and location of the fibroid, it may also lead to reproductive obstacles.

Calcified Fibroids

Calcification in fibroids occurs when the tissues within the fibroid undergo a process called dystrophic calcification. This process involves the deposition of calcium salts, leading to the hardening of the fibroid tissue. As a result, the fibroid becomes less flexible and may cause additional symptoms or complications.

The exact cause of calcification in fibroids is not fully known. However, research suggests that conditions such as rapid fibroid growth, inadequate blood supply, and chronic inflammation may contribute to the development of calcified fibroids. Women with larger fibroids, particularly those that have undergone degeneration or necrosis, are more likely to experience calcification.

Calcified fibroids can vary in size and location within the uterus. They may be detected during routine imaging tests, such as ultrasound or MRI, or during a pelvic exam. In some cases, calcified fibroids may also reduce fertility or cause difficult pregnancies.

Fibroid Treatment at Georgia Fibroids

One of the treatment options we offer is Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE). UFE is a non-surgical treatment for uterine fibroids that can dramatically reduce painful fibroid symptoms without extensive recovery times or hospitalization. Our experienced interventional radiologists perform this procedure using state-of-the-art imaging technology.

At Georgia Fibroids, we understand that each patient is unique. Our team will work closely with you to evaluate your symptoms, medical history, and individual needs to develop a customized treatment plan.

We will also provide comprehensive follow-up care to ensure you achieve the best possible outcome.

Georgia Fibroid Specialists: A Trusted Fibroid Treatment Center Near You

It is important to note that each individual's experience with fibroids may vary. Please consult a qualified physician for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate uterine fibroid treatments.

At Georgia Fibroids, our fibroid doctors offer effective and innovative uterus fibroid treatment. We are determined to deliver the most comfortable and effective treatment options, whether you are seeking symptom relief or non-surgical fibroid treatment.

Our state-of-the-art fibroid treatment center offers non-invasive treatment options and outpatient interventions tailored to your specific needs.

If you have been diagnosed with uterine fibroids or are struggling with symptoms related to fibroids, please don't hesitate to contact our caring team of specialists to schedule an evaluation today.

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